A Brief Introduction to Bipolar Spectrum Disorder

Bipolar Spectrum Disorder pic

Bipolar Spectrum Disorder
Image: WebMD.com

Dr. Jorge Galindo has more than 20 years of experience as a licensed marriage, family, and child therapist in the Irvine, California, area. Over the course of his career in therapy, Dr. Jorge Galindo has supported individuals who experience a variety of mental health issues, including trauma and bipolar spectrum disorder.

Bipolar spectrum disorder is an umbrella term used to describe a series of related mental health disorders, most notably bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. While all three disorders are characterized by symptoms of both depression and mania, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV) clearly distinguishes each one from the others.

Bipolar I disorder involves frequent manic and depressive episodes that occur simultaneously. Individuals living with bipolar I may or may not experience psychotic episodes as the result of their persistent manic depressive state.

The manic depressive symptoms of bipolar II disorder, meanwhile, are less likely to effect a person’s day-to-day activities, not only because they are comparatively less severe than those of bipolar I, but also because instances of mania and depression interchange rather than overlap. Furthermore, individuals dealing with bipolar II do not face the risk of psychotic episodes.

Finally, cyclothymic disorder can be viewed as a lower level bipolar spectrum disorder. Individuals who suffer from cyclothymic disorder experience brief, intermittent periods of depression and hypomania, a lesser form of mania.

Why Critical Incident Stress Debriefing Is Necessary

Critical Incident Stress Debriefing pic

Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
Image: WebMD.com

Dr. Jorge Galindo is a family counselor that deals with children, adolescents, couples, and families. He shares a private practice with his wife, Miriam Galindo, PsyD, in Irvine, California. Aside from counseling families, Dr. Jorge Galindo is also certified to perform critical incident stress debriefing.

People, who experience life-changing, traumatic events, require professional attention in the aftermath of such an occurrence. The act of dealing with a traumatic reaction is called critical incident stress de-briefing or CISD.

A critical incident is defined as a sudden death, serious injury, or physical and psychological threats to an individual. The event may cause distress or a dramatic change in the physical and psychological well-being on an individual.

The reactions of the victims of a critical incident may manifest as restlessness, frustration, sleep disturbance, moodiness, etc. Victims may also experience flashbacks of the event. In order to manage or curb these reactions, a professional is hired to execute CISD.

CISD is required in order to lessen the short-term or long-term crisis reactions, as well as the psychological trauma stemming from the incident. It is advisable to implement CISD within 24-72 hours of exposure to ensure a higher rate of success in managing critical reactions.

Bipolar Disorder – Definition and Types

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder

 

Since 2000, Dr. Jorge Galindo and his wife, Miriam Galindo, Psy.D., have owned and operated a private practice in Irvine, California, where they offer clinical and forensic therapy. During a doctoral internship at St. Joseph Hospital in 2007 and 2008, Dr. Jorge Galindo received training in the treatment of bipolar spectrum disorders.

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental illness consisting of sporadic episodes of mania (highs) and depression (lows). The disease is typically regarded as a spectrum disorder in that people who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder display varying levels and durations of symptoms. For example, some may experience manic episodes lasting a day or two, whereas others may undergo depressive episodes lasting several months.

Bipolar disorder can be divided into three primary categories: bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. Bipolar I disorder is considered the most severe in the spectrum and is characterized by the individual experiencing at least one manic episode. Bipolar II disorder is similar to bipolar I disorder but generally exhibits less severe symptoms in the form of mild manic episodes called hypomania. Cyclothymic disorder is the least severe of the three, consisting of occasional depressive and hypomanic symptoms lasting short periods of time.

Requirements To Become a Sheriff’s Reserve Deputy

Sheriff’s Reserve Deputy pic

Sheriff’s Reserve Deputy
Image: ocsd.org

Jorge Galindo is a licensed marriage, family, and child therapist in private practice in Irvine, California. In order to become a reserve deputy for the Orange County Sheriff’s Department, Jorge Galindo had to pass a series of qualification tests. The process of becoming a sheriff’s reserve deputy in Orange County is not unlike that of becoming a full-time sheriff’s deputy, and involves physical, medical, psychological, and written examinations.

Potential reserve deputies must be at least 20 years old, able to pass an extensive background check, and a US citizen or permanent resident who has filed for citizenship. They must also have a high school diploma, a satisfactory GED score, or an Associate of Arts or Bachelor of Arts from an accredited higher education institution.

The required written examine analyzes abilities such as map reading, report writing, and interpersonal skills. The physical abilities test is made up of four timed parts: an obstacle course, a 440 yard run, a dummy drag, and a trigger pull. After passing these tests, candidates are asked questions in an oral interview. Following these three testing phases come a polygraph examination along with psychological and medical evaluations.

Diversion Program Eligibility and the Counseling Component

Jorge Galindo pic

Jorge Galindo
Image: galindopsychology.com

Licensed to practice in California, Dr. Jorge Galindo is experienced in therapy related to forensics. Having worked with the law enforcement community, Jorge Galindo is knowledgeable of diversion treatments used to rehabilitate offenders of domestic violence.

Depending on the state, diversion programs may be available to people who are first-time offenders of minor offenses, such as petty theft, driving under the influence, and personal possession of specific drugs without intent to sell. The same leniency, at times, may be extended to domestic violence offenders. Admission of guilt may or may not be necessary to participate in diversion treatment.

The program gives offenders the option to enter counseling early in their proceedings. They pay fees to the court or treatment facility. In some cases, fees apply to both and can exceed fines. Programs span six months to more than a year, during which time treatment and behavior modification techniques are employed by professionals to rectify the underlying cause of the issue. The latter employs positive and negative reinforcement to replace troubling behaviors with those deemed more desirable and acceptable. Counseling on an individual basis or in a group setting is typical.

The Health and Human Services Group in California

Health and Human Services Group pic

Health and Human Services Group
Image: hhsg.org

Jorge Galindo is a licensed therapist in Irvine, CA who holds a masters of psychology from Trinity College of Graduate Studies. Along with his wife Miriam, Jorge Galindo runs a private practice specializing in court-referred assessments for marriage, family, and child therapy.

Mr. Galindo previously worked with the Health and Human Services Group  (HHSG), where he supported law enforcement with clinical services such as violence assessment, intakes, and case management for three years.

The HHSG is a psychological consulting company that offers employee assistance programs (EAP) to law enforcement and other businesses. The business was founded in 1982, and in 1993 designed a national EAP for the Department of Justice.

The services the HHSG offers to thousands of employees and their family members across the US include management consulting, threat risk assessment, and peer support and traumatic incident services.

The HHSG has assisted many notable clients, including the Department of Homeland Security, Chevron, and the United States Postal Service.

Motivating Factors in Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence Image: violenceresource.org

Domestic Violence
Image: violenceresource.org

At his California private practice, which he owns and operates alongside his wife, Dr. Jorge Galindo offers court-referred counseling services to a diverse client base. Dr. Jorge Galindo has worked with numerous perpetrators of domestic violence and is certified by Orange County as a domestic violence provider.

At its core, domestic violence stems from complex psychological insecurities in the mind of the perpetrator. Many offenders have what psychologists call a destructive inner monologue, which generates thought patterns centered on insecurities and personal criticisms. These criticisms can focus on the perpetrator himself or herself or on the individual’s partner. If susceptible to a belief in such thoughts, the perpetrator can turn to violence in an effort to assert control.

Destructive thought patterns are more likely to lead to abuse if the offender also develops an inflated sense of connection to the partner. Believing that a partner has the sole responsibility for making the offender happy and whole, the offender begins to desperately assert control. This desire for control may intensify if the offender has prior intimate contact with abusive relationships, such as that suffered by a parent during the offender’s childhood, or if the offender suffers from a mental illness that generates insecure thoughts. These factors may be more likely to result in violence if the offender nurtures internalized social biases, such as a belief in innate superiority over a partner’s gender.