A reserve deputy with the Orange County Sheriff Department, Dr. Jorge Galindo provides counseling services through his private practice in California alongside his wife, Miriam Galindo, Psy.D. While completing his doctoral internship at the distinguished St. Joseph Hospital, Dr. Jorge Galindo received specialized training in bipolar spectrum disorders.
Bipolar disorder, known for its extreme mood swings with episodes of mania and depression, actually encompasses a spectrum of disorders, including bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymia.
Distinguished mainly by its extreme periods of mania, bipolar I disorder usually includes periods of depression as well. Bipolar II, by contrast, has much lower manic periods, referred to as hypomanias, and more extended depressive episodes, often leading to misdiagnosis as major depression. Cyclothymia refers to a less severe form of the disorder, with alternating periods of hypomania and depression.
Another form of bipolar spectrum disorder known as rapid-cycling includes at least four manic and depressive episodes within a year’s time. The validity of its inclusion remains a matter of debate in psychology.
Health and Human Services Group
For more than 15 years, Dr. Jorge Galindo, a licensed marriage and family therapist, has managed Galindo and Associates Inc. alongside his wife, Miriam Galindo, Psy.D., in Irvine, California. Prior to opening a private practice, Dr. Jorge Galindo served as an administrative clinician for the Health & Human Services Group (HHSG).
HHSG is a psychological consulting company offering Employee Assistance Program (EAP) services to law enforcement and the business community. One of its primary services is multimedia training courses, which provide employees with productive strategies for dealing with professional and personal conflicts, such as stress, transition, and workplace socialization.
All HHSG training programs are conducted by licensed mental health professionals. In addition, HHSG training programs are particularly flexible, catering to both small and large companies while covering a diverse number of health and wellness subjects. Every year, HHSG delivers approximately 5,000 training hours to thousands of employees across the nation.
For more information on HHSG and its training programs, visit www.HHSG.org.
Since 2000, Dr. Jorge Galindo and his wife, Miriam Galindo, Psy.D., have owned and operated a private practice in Irvine, California, where they offer clinical and forensic therapy. During a doctoral internship at St. Joseph Hospital in 2007 and 2008, Dr. Jorge Galindo received training in the treatment of bipolar spectrum disorders.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental illness consisting of sporadic episodes of mania (highs) and depression (lows). The disease is typically regarded as a spectrum disorder in that people who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder display varying levels and durations of symptoms. For example, some may experience manic episodes lasting a day or two, whereas others may undergo depressive episodes lasting several months.
Bipolar disorder can be divided into three primary categories: bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. Bipolar I disorder is considered the most severe in the spectrum and is characterized by the individual experiencing at least one manic episode. Bipolar II disorder is similar to bipolar I disorder but generally exhibits less severe symptoms in the form of mild manic episodes called hypomania. Cyclothymic disorder is the least severe of the three, consisting of occasional depressive and hypomanic symptoms lasting short periods of time.
A reserve deputy for Orange County, Dr. Jorge Galindo also dedicates time to his private practice in Irvine, where he and his wife treat families and adolescents. A licensed marriage and family therapist, Dr. Jorge Galindo handles child custody cases referred to him by the court.
When going through divorce proceedings, parents should be prepared to work with a child custody evaluator and forensics expert. Ideally, child custody evaluators should be well versed in treating children and adolescents and have experience assessing family dynamics, personalities, mental illnesses, and parenting skills. The latter is of the utmost importance to ensure their statement given during proceedings results in a minor living and growing in an environment conducive to a positive future.
The chosen therapist interviews applicable individuals regarding life history. He or she may request documents that support an interviewee’s responses. For example, documentation illustrating a parent’s disciplinary approach can be helpful in forming testimony regarding child rearing. A therapist will also evaluate academic achievement, perform personality tests, and conduct psychological testing, ranging from cognitive functioning examinations to projective personality assessments.
At his California private practice, which he owns and operates alongside his wife, Dr. Jorge Galindo offers court-referred counseling services to a diverse client base. Dr. Jorge Galindo has worked with numerous perpetrators of domestic violence and is certified by Orange County as a domestic violence provider.
At its core, domestic violence stems from complex psychological insecurities in the mind of the perpetrator. Many offenders have what psychologists call a destructive inner monologue, which generates thought patterns centered on insecurities and personal criticisms. These criticisms can focus on the perpetrator himself or herself or on the individual’s partner. If susceptible to a belief in such thoughts, the perpetrator can turn to violence in an effort to assert control.
Destructive thought patterns are more likely to lead to abuse if the offender also develops an inflated sense of connection to the partner. Believing that a partner has the sole responsibility for making the offender happy and whole, the offender begins to desperately assert control. This desire for control may intensify if the offender has prior intimate contact with abusive relationships, such as that suffered by a parent during the offender’s childhood, or if the offender suffers from a mental illness that generates insecure thoughts. These factors may be more likely to result in violence if the offender nurtures internalized social biases, such as a belief in innate superiority over a partner’s gender.
Dr. Jorge Galindo is licensed marriage, family, and child therapist who operates a private practice in Irvine, California. Dr. Jorge Galindo works alongside his wife, Dr. Miriam Galindo, while treating issues that range from domestic abuse to depression.
It is quite common for teenagers and adolescents to experience periods of moodiness and angst. Unfortunately, this can make identifying a depressive episode difficult. Studies have shown that heightened levels of agitation are not, in fact, a primary symptom of depression in teens, though any occurrence of anxiety or mood swings that last for multiple weeks should be explored by parents and guardians. Similarly, as they enter their teenage years, children begin to require more sleep, another hallmark of depression in adults. Irregular sleep patterns in teenagers may warrant concern, however, if their school performance begins to suffer or they lose interest in former hobbies.
Though teenage depression appears more commonly in girls than in boys, there is no stereotypical victim of depression. Parents of a gifted athlete or social butterfly should be just as vigilant in identifying troubling behavior as those of a more reserved child. Finally, depression often appears in teenagers as an aspect of a larger issue, such as a general anxiety disorder. The most important thing to remember is that these afflictions can be treated and should not be a source of embarrassment or shame.
Dr. Jorge Galindo, a reserve deputy sheriff with the Orange County Sheriff’s Department, has served as a licensed marriage, family, and child therapist in Irvine, California, for nearly 15 years. Dr. Jorge Galindo previously gained experience with bipolar spectrum disorder at Olive Crest Residential Center in Santa Ana and at St. Joseph Hospital of Orange.
Bipolar disorder is a complex psychological illness defined by a variety of symptoms relating to abrupt mood swings and episodes of mania and depression. To further complicate the issue, individuals can be diagnosed with several different forms of bipolar disorder that result in a variety of behaviors. For example, those living with bipolar I disorder has experienced at least one fully manic episode during their lifetime, while those who have been diagnosed with bipolar II or a milder cyclothymic disorder experience alternating highs and lows but never suffer from a truly manic episode.
Some people with a bipolar illness are known to have rapid cycling bipolar disorder, a condition present in 10 to 20 percent of bipolar patients. In this iteration of the disorder, episodes of mania or depression occur at least four times in a single year. Those with mixed bipolar disorder, on the other hand, can experience a depressive manic episode immediately after an occurrence of mania with no down time in between. People with mixed bipolar disorder may even experience episodes of depression and mania at the same time.