A reserve deputy with the Orange County Sheriff Department, Dr. Jorge Galindo provides counseling services through his private practice in California alongside his wife, Miriam Galindo, Psy.D. While completing his doctoral internship at the distinguished St. Joseph Hospital, Dr. Jorge Galindo received specialized training in bipolar spectrum disorders.
Bipolar disorder, known for its extreme mood swings with episodes of mania and depression, actually encompasses a spectrum of disorders, including bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymia.
Distinguished mainly by its extreme periods of mania, bipolar I disorder usually includes periods of depression as well. Bipolar II, by contrast, has much lower manic periods, referred to as hypomanias, and more extended depressive episodes, often leading to misdiagnosis as major depression. Cyclothymia refers to a less severe form of the disorder, with alternating periods of hypomania and depression.
Another form of bipolar spectrum disorder known as rapid-cycling includes at least four manic and depressive episodes within a year’s time. The validity of its inclusion remains a matter of debate in psychology.
Bipolar Spectrum Disorder
Dr. Jorge Galindo has more than 20 years of experience as a licensed marriage, family, and child therapist in the Irvine, California, area. Over the course of his career in therapy, Dr. Jorge Galindo has supported individuals who experience a variety of mental health issues, including trauma and bipolar spectrum disorder.
Bipolar spectrum disorder is an umbrella term used to describe a series of related mental health disorders, most notably bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. While all three disorders are characterized by symptoms of both depression and mania, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV) clearly distinguishes each one from the others.
Bipolar I disorder involves frequent manic and depressive episodes that occur simultaneously. Individuals living with bipolar I may or may not experience psychotic episodes as the result of their persistent manic depressive state.
The manic depressive symptoms of bipolar II disorder, meanwhile, are less likely to effect a person’s day-to-day activities, not only because they are comparatively less severe than those of bipolar I, but also because instances of mania and depression interchange rather than overlap. Furthermore, individuals dealing with bipolar II do not face the risk of psychotic episodes.
Finally, cyclothymic disorder can be viewed as a lower level bipolar spectrum disorder. Individuals who suffer from cyclothymic disorder experience brief, intermittent periods of depression and hypomania, a lesser form of mania.
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
Dr. Jorge Galindo is a family counselor that deals with children, adolescents, couples, and families. He shares a private practice with his wife, Miriam Galindo, PsyD, in Irvine, California. Aside from counseling families, Dr. Jorge Galindo is also certified to perform critical incident stress debriefing.
People, who experience life-changing, traumatic events, require professional attention in the aftermath of such an occurrence. The act of dealing with a traumatic reaction is called critical incident stress de-briefing or CISD.
A critical incident is defined as a sudden death, serious injury, or physical and psychological threats to an individual. The event may cause distress or a dramatic change in the physical and psychological well-being on an individual.
The reactions of the victims of a critical incident may manifest as restlessness, frustration, sleep disturbance, moodiness, etc. Victims may also experience flashbacks of the event. In order to manage or curb these reactions, a professional is hired to execute CISD.
CISD is required in order to lessen the short-term or long-term crisis reactions, as well as the psychological trauma stemming from the incident. It is advisable to implement CISD within 24-72 hours of exposure to ensure a higher rate of success in managing critical reactions.
Health and Human Services Group
For more than 15 years, Dr. Jorge Galindo, a licensed marriage and family therapist, has managed Galindo and Associates Inc. alongside his wife, Miriam Galindo, Psy.D., in Irvine, California. Prior to opening a private practice, Dr. Jorge Galindo served as an administrative clinician for the Health & Human Services Group (HHSG).
HHSG is a psychological consulting company offering Employee Assistance Program (EAP) services to law enforcement and the business community. One of its primary services is multimedia training courses, which provide employees with productive strategies for dealing with professional and personal conflicts, such as stress, transition, and workplace socialization.
All HHSG training programs are conducted by licensed mental health professionals. In addition, HHSG training programs are particularly flexible, catering to both small and large companies while covering a diverse number of health and wellness subjects. Every year, HHSG delivers approximately 5,000 training hours to thousands of employees across the nation.
For more information on HHSG and its training programs, visit www.HHSG.org.
Since 2000, Dr. Jorge Galindo and his wife, Miriam Galindo, Psy.D., have owned and operated a private practice in Irvine, California, where they offer clinical and forensic therapy. During a doctoral internship at St. Joseph Hospital in 2007 and 2008, Dr. Jorge Galindo received training in the treatment of bipolar spectrum disorders.
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a mental illness consisting of sporadic episodes of mania (highs) and depression (lows). The disease is typically regarded as a spectrum disorder in that people who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder display varying levels and durations of symptoms. For example, some may experience manic episodes lasting a day or two, whereas others may undergo depressive episodes lasting several months.
Bipolar disorder can be divided into three primary categories: bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. Bipolar I disorder is considered the most severe in the spectrum and is characterized by the individual experiencing at least one manic episode. Bipolar II disorder is similar to bipolar I disorder but generally exhibits less severe symptoms in the form of mild manic episodes called hypomania. Cyclothymic disorder is the least severe of the three, consisting of occasional depressive and hypomanic symptoms lasting short periods of time.
Sheriff’s Reserve Deputy
Jorge Galindo is a licensed marriage, family, and child therapist in private practice in Irvine, California. In order to become a reserve deputy for the Orange County Sheriff’s Department, Jorge Galindo had to pass a series of qualification tests. The process of becoming a sheriff’s reserve deputy in Orange County is not unlike that of becoming a full-time sheriff’s deputy, and involves physical, medical, psychological, and written examinations.
Potential reserve deputies must be at least 20 years old, able to pass an extensive background check, and a US citizen or permanent resident who has filed for citizenship. They must also have a high school diploma, a satisfactory GED score, or an Associate of Arts or Bachelor of Arts from an accredited higher education institution.
The required written examine analyzes abilities such as map reading, report writing, and interpersonal skills. The physical abilities test is made up of four timed parts: an obstacle course, a 440 yard run, a dummy drag, and a trigger pull. After passing these tests, candidates are asked questions in an oral interview. Following these three testing phases come a polygraph examination along with psychological and medical evaluations.
Licensed to practice in California, Dr. Jorge Galindo is experienced in therapy related to forensics. Having worked with the law enforcement community, Jorge Galindo is knowledgeable of diversion treatments used to rehabilitate offenders of domestic violence.
Depending on the state, diversion programs may be available to people who are first-time offenders of minor offenses, such as petty theft, driving under the influence, and personal possession of specific drugs without intent to sell. The same leniency, at times, may be extended to domestic violence offenders. Admission of guilt may or may not be necessary to participate in diversion treatment.
The program gives offenders the option to enter counseling early in their proceedings. They pay fees to the court or treatment facility. In some cases, fees apply to both and can exceed fines. Programs span six months to more than a year, during which time treatment and behavior modification techniques are employed by professionals to rectify the underlying cause of the issue. The latter employs positive and negative reinforcement to replace troubling behaviors with those deemed more desirable and acceptable. Counseling on an individual basis or in a group setting is typical.